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Updated: 9 hours 47 min ago

Tyler Perry's 'Boo 2!' Tops The Box Office While 'Geostorm' Falls Flat

18 hours 52 min ago

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As Halloween weekend approaches, moviegoers have plenty of horror movie options at the theater. But despite that, some of you still went and saw Madea. 

Taking the No. 1 spot this week is "Boo 2! A Madea Halloween" — because "Boo" just demanded a sequel. Tyler Perry's latest turn as Mabel "Madea" Simmons brought in an estimated $21.6 million in its debut weekend.

While the "Boo 2" release didn't fare quite as well as the original, it's still on track to make its money back at the box office. Just like all the other Madea movies, this is a low-budget release catered to an extremely loyal fan base.

As for the reviews, Tyler Perry, take it away!

"Don't expect 'Schindler's List.' Just go in there and have a good time. … I don't think any Oscars are going to be calling for this one, I really don't," Perry said on The Tonight Show.

I couldn't have said it any better myself. And with that, on to No. 2.

You know what's worse than a bad movie? An expensive bad movie. Taking the No. 2 spot this week is Gerard Butler's much-maligned "Geostorm," bringing in an estimated $13 million in its opening weekend. 

All films have the potential to flop. But when you spend $120 million to produce a film, the stakes are noticeably higher.

And while "Geostorm" has been lampooned by critics, it also suffered from very bad timing. With major hurricanes hitting Texas, Florida and Puerto Rico just in the last couple months, it's very difficult to advertise a natural disaster film — not to mention get people to go see it.

Warner Bros. even took down the movie's posters in theaters across the country to be sensitive to natural disaster victims.

But all hope isn't lost for "Geostorm." As it stands, the film has made nearly $50 million overseas, and it still hasn't opened in China — the second-largest movie market in the world, right behind the U.S. 

And finally at No. 3 is "Happy Death Day," bringing in an estimated $9.3 million in its second week out. Solid reviews and positive word-of-mouth have carried this “Groundhog Day” horror flick to a $53 million worldwide total in just 10 days.

As for next week, is it really Halloween without Jigsaw?

Jimmy Carter Offers To Help Donald Trump With North Korea

Sun, 10/22/2017 - 20:45

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Former President Jimmy Carter says he's willing to lend a hand to President Donald Trump to de-escalate tensions with North Korea.

When asked in a New York Times interview if he would go on a diplomatic mission to the country, Carter replied, "I would go, yes."

The offer comes amid growing U.S.-North Korea tensions that have many Americans concerned about a possible war. North Korea has staged several missile launches in just in the past few months, and Carter says he, too, is afraid of a possible "situation."

SEE MORE: North Korea Warns Australia Against Trump In 'Unprecedented' Letter

His kind — if odd — gesture isn't entirely unprecedented. Carter traveled to North Korea in 1994 and made a deal with former leader Kim Il-sung, Kim Jong-un's grandfather. That would later be used to create the Agreed Framework deal adopted by the Clinton administration.

The 93-year-old said he told national security adviser H.R McMaster that he "was available if they ever need me."

Schumer Says The Bipartisan Health Care Deal Has The Votes To Pass

Sun, 10/22/2017 - 20:12

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Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer wants to get moving on the bipartisan health care deal from Sens. Lamar Alexander and Patty Murray ASAP.

Schumer told NBC's "Meet the Press" on Sunday that all 46 Senate Democrats, two independents and 12 Republicans are on board with the deal, which took months to work out.

"I would urge Sen. McConnell to put it on the floor immediately this week," Schumer said.

In part, the short-term deal would extend cost-sharing reduction payments for another two years in exchange for allowing states more flexibility to regulate health care coverage.

SEE MORE: That Bipartisan Health Care Deal Isn't Getting Much Bipartisan Support

As for whether McConnell will move on the deal — he told CNN on Sunday he'd bring a bill to the floor if he knew President Donald Trump would sign it.

But Trump's stance on the issue has been inconsistent. At one point he seemed to support the deal, saying, "We're going to have a great solution."

But he later tweeted he could "never support bailing out" insurance companies.

Japan's PM Might Get A Shot At Revising Its Pacifist Constitution

Sun, 10/22/2017 - 20:06

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Japan's ruling coalition seems poised to maintain its hold on Parliament's lower house, and that's a sign Prime Minister Shinzo Abe could forge ahead with his goal to revise the country's constitution.

The election is a step toward realizing Abe's goal to enshrine Japan's right to self-defense.

Enacted in 1947 — a result of U.S. occupation following WWII — Japan's constitution includes Article 9, which renounces active military forces and "other war potential."

In recent months, North Korea has launched missiles over the island nation and escalated rhetoric with the United States. More than 50,000 U.S. military personnel are currently stationed in Japan.

SEE MORE: China's Only Political Party Meets To Set Agenda, Pick Leaders

Japan does have a standing defensive force but has abided by Article 9 and mostly relies on the U.S. for large-scale defense. Abe wants to add a constitutional amendment legitimizing the nation's Self-Defense Forces.

This is a much gentler approach by Abe's party than in 2012, when the LDP aimed to cut the part of Article 9 that disallows possession of war potential and expand the definition of self-defense to include "collective self-defense," or aiding an ally even if Japan isn't directly threatened. Abe got the latter half of that amendment passed as a security bill in 2015.

In order to change the constitution, Abe would have to get the measure through both chambers of Parliament with a two-thirds majority. Only then would the change be put on a national referendum ballot, where it would need a simple majority to pass.

Exit polls suggest Abe's coalition government maintained its two-thirds majority in the lower chamber.

In September, Abe dissolved Japan's House of Representatives and called for a snap election in an effort to shore up support for his Liberal Democratic Party and its junior coalition partner, Komeito.

In the House of Councillors, Abe can likely rely on support from smaller, pro-amendment parties to reach the two-thirds threshold.

US Warns Of Advanced And Persistent Cyberthreats Against Utilities

Sun, 10/22/2017 - 17:54

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The U.S. government issued an alert Friday about the nation's cybersecurity infrastructure.

The alert outlines what it calls "advanced persistent threats" that have been targeting the country's utilities and other infrastructure since at least May.

Another report from earlier this year says there have been concerted cyberattacks targeting the IT, energy, health care, manufacturing and communications sectors going back to at least May 2016.

SEE MORE: The Cybersecurity Stakes Just Keep Getting Bigger

Some of those cyberattacks include the ones aimed at U.S. and European energy sectors reported by security firm Symantec in September.

Hackers have also been targeting U.S. nuclear facilities since May, according to a joint Department of Homeland Security and FBI report obtained by The New York Times in July.

These types of cyberattacks are often about espionage but can also be used to sabotage compromised systems.

Reports like this help highlight the state of U.S. cybersecurity. Earlier this year, the Department of Defense released a report warning cyberthreats to our infrastructure are outpacing our ability to defend against them.

Report: Fox Knew About Settlement When It Renewed O'Reilly's Contract

Sun, 10/22/2017 - 17:45

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Fox News knew former host Bill O'Reilly had just reached a settlement over sexual harassment allegations when it decided to renew his contract for an additional $7 million.

In January, O'Reilly paid a former Fox News analyst $32 million to settle allegations of repeated harassment, including the sending of sexually explicit material and a "nonconsensual sexual relationship." That's according to a New York Times report published Saturday.

O'Reilly left Fox News in April after a different Times investigation uncovered settlements with five women who had accused him of misconduct. They were reportedly paid a combined total of about $13 million in exchange for their silence.

SEE MORE: More Companies Pull Ads From 'O'Reilly Factor' After Harassment Report

A sexual harassment lawyer told the Los Angeles Times the $32 million payout is "tantamount to a class-action suit."

Fox News' parent company, 21st Century Fox, says it knew about the settlement, but not how much it was worth. But knowing about the settlement and still deciding to renew O'Reilly's contract isn't helping the company's attempts to clean up its image.

Others with the network have left under similar circumstances: CEO Roger Ailes resigned just months before O'Reilly amid mounting sexual harassment allegations. And 21st Century Fox said O'Reilly's most recent contract contained a clause that allowed the company to fire him if more allegations came to light.

The company is also reportedly under federal investigation for potentially misleading investors about payments related to sexual harassment cases, among other things.

O'Reilly denies all allegations of wrongdoing.

Report: Trump Pledges $430K To Pay Staffers' Russia Probe Legal Fees

Sun, 10/22/2017 - 15:39

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President Donald Trump reportedly pledged at least $430,000 from his own pocket to help former and current White House and campaign staffers pay legal fees related to the Russia investigation.

Axios reports the Republican National Committee shelled out roughly the same amount to lawyers representing the president and his son Donald Trump Jr.

The outlet says the money won't be paid back to the RNC, but paid forward elsewhere.

SEE MORE: Michael Flynn's Family Is Taking Donations To Pay His Legal Fees

That said, we don't know much about where that money is going.

One possible option is the legal defense fund the White House was putting finishing touches on in early October. The fund is designed to pay for attorney's fees and the like for staffers who can't afford it.

Since the Russia probe is being carried out by the House, Senate and a special counsel, it'll probably get pretty expensive.

Axios reports the White House is working on getting legal and ethical approval and that President Trump "hasn't ruled out" spending more of his own money for the cause.

The WHO Takes Back Robert Mugabe's Goodwill Ambassador Appointment

Sun, 10/22/2017 - 15:02

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After a wave of criticism, the World Health Organization took back its latest "goodwill ambassador" appointment.

That title was given to Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe. He's headed Zimbabwe's government since 1980. For years, he's been under international sanctions for human rights violations and eroding the nation's democratic process.

Part of Mugabe's infamy both inside Africa and out stems from his effort to redistribute farmland owned and operated by white Zimbabweans — the descendants of European colonizers. However, Mugabe's effort backfired as those farms — once the nation's economic backbone — saw a dramatic decline that contributed to a food shortage and helped tank Zimbabwe's economy.

In response to Mugabe's appointment, nearly 30 health organizations signed a joint statement saying they were "shocked and deeply concerned to hear of this appointment, given President Mugabe's long track record of human rights violations and undermining the dignity of human beings."

I’m listening. I hear your concerns. Rethinking the approach in light of WHO values. I will issue a statement as soon as possible

— Tedros Adhanom (@DrTedros) October 21, 2017

Mugabe's political opponents were quick to point out Zimbabwe's health system is in shambles. Mugabe himself, who is in his 90s, travels abroad to receive medical care.

The WHO director general said Mugabe was chosen due to Zimbabwe's prioritizing universal health coverage and health promotion in domestic policy. But he acknowledged the backlash on Twitter, and by Sunday he'd rescinded the appointment. 

SEE MORE: Kenya's Opposition Leader Calls For More Protests, Drops Out Of Race

The role of goodwill ambassador is mostly symbolic. Ambassadors attract public attention and funding to combat global issues.

Mugabe's appointment would have put focus on noncommunicable diseases, or NCDs, in Africa — diseases that can't be transmitted and that are not caused by infectious agents. According to the WHO, NCDs account for 70 percent of all deaths worldwide.

Betsy DeVos Rescinded 72 Guidance Docs For Students With Disabilities

Sun, 10/22/2017 - 14:01

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In a reported effort to eliminate "superfluous" regulations, the Education Department rescinded 72 guidance documents outlining the rights of students with disabilities.

The Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services said the documents were rescinded because they were "outdated, unnecessary, or ineffective."

These documents include guidance and directives on tech-oriented vocational programsindependent living services and "free appropriate public education" for students with disabilities. 

The Washington Post reports that advocates don't know yet the full impact of the changes, but some are already concerned.

SEE MORE: DeVos Withdraws Obama-Era Campus Sexual Assault Policies

Technically speaking, these regulations are still enforced. But without the guidance for those protections, it may become harder for schools and parents to work with them.

According to estimates by the U.S. Census Bureau, more than 40 million Americans lived with a disability in 2016. This includes people with cognitive difficulties, as well as difficulty walking, hearing or seeing.

Giant Balloons Are Delivering Cell Service To Puerto Rico

Sat, 10/21/2017 - 20:33

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Right now, giant balloons above Puerto Rico are providing internet and cell service.

In early October, the Federal Communications Commission gave Project Loon, a balloon-powered internet program from the firm X, an experimental license to provide emergency cell service to the island after Hurricane Maria.

At the time, it was unclear if the project would even get off the ground.

SEE MORE: Puerto Rico's Water Crisis Is More Complicated Than You Think

But the company teamed with AT&T, and now — with the help of Puerto Rico's government and a number of federal agencies — balloons are providing basic communication and internet services to some people on the island.

As of Oct. 20, nearly 69 percent of cell sites were still out of service after the storm hit in September. Some individual counties are still completely without service.

X says it doesn't know how well the service will work since the technology is experimental, but it says it will provide service for as long as it can.

With Trump's Approval, The Last Of The JFK Files Can Be Released

Sat, 10/21/2017 - 19:40

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After almost 54 years of questions and conspiracy theories, the world may finally learn all that was officially recorded about the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.

On Saturday, President Donald Trump tweeted that, pending further information, he would allow the National Archives to release the last of the JFK assassination files. He didn't specify if he would allow all of the files to be opened, and, should he change his mind, he has until Oct. 26 to block the release.

That deadline was set in 1992, when Congress passed the JFK Assassination Records Collection Act. As president, Trump is the only person who can block the release if he deems it a risk to security, intelligence or diplomacy. 

SEE MORE: The Secret CIA Docs About JFK's Murder Aren't As Exciting As You Think

The remaining files include more than 3,000 documents never seen by the public, as well as more than 30,000 files that were previously released with redactions.

The files reportedly may include a CIA personality study of Lee Harvey Oswald, testimonies from former CIA officers, letters from then-FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, as well as files on other suspected players in the assassination. 

This mass of documents adds to millions of pages of files released to the public since the '90s. 

Will these new files give us definitive answers to what happened on the day JFK was assassinated? Probably not.

The former chairman of the Assassination Records Review Board told Dallas News, "I don't think there are big revelations."

The release of the files wasn't meant to offer major breakthroughs or feed conspiracy theories — it was meant to improve transparency and trust in the government.

But Politico notes the opposite will likely happen. Instead of squashing conspiracy theories, the release of the last files may just exacerbate them.

Niger Ambush: Here's What We Know So Far

Sat, 10/21/2017 - 17:57

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More than two weeks ago, an ambush in Niger killed four U.S. troops and left two wounded. Details about the incident are just beginning to trickle in.

So far, media outlets have consistently reported these details: On the day of the ambush, 12 U.S. troops were traveling in unarmored pickup trucks with limited weaponry. Sometime after meeting with local community leaders, the troops were ambushed by at least 50 ISIS-affiliated fighters. The New York Times reported on Friday that number was closer to 100, and affiliation to the Islamic State has not yet been confirmed. 

French military arrived to assist and evacuate soldiers. Sgt. La David Johnson was missing, and it took nearly two days to recover his body.

SEE MORE: WH Chief Of Staff John Kelly Defends Trump's Call With Gold Star Widow

On Friday, officials told CNN that Johnson was found nearly a mile away from the scene of the ambush.

The Defense Department, U.S. Africa Command (or AFRICOM), the French military and the FBI are all looking into the attack. Experts working for AFRICOM are reportedly establishing an hour-by-hour timeline of the events. Military officials told the Times the Pentagon is trying to determine whether some U.S. forces diverted from their routine patrol and directly acted against "Islamic insurgents" before the ambush.

The Pentagon has reportedly not been forthcoming with details surrounding the investigation, and the Times says it's because of contradictions between American and Nigerien accounts.

Many have voiced frustration about the lack of information provided. On Thursday, Sen. John McCain said a subpoena may be needed to get more answers.

Aviation Authorities Want To Ban Laptops In Checked Bags

Sat, 10/21/2017 - 17:46

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You may not be able to put your laptop in checked bags much longer.

The Federal Aviation Administration is recommending a global ban on laptops and other large electronics in checked luggage due to the fire hazard posed by their lithium ion batteries.

The recommendation is directed at the United Nations International Civil Aviation Organization, but it'll be up to individual countries on whether to implement any kind of ban.

SEE MORE: US Lifts Airline Laptop Ban But Adds Enhanced Screenings Worldwide

The recommendation follows a series of tests conducted by the Fire Safety Branch of the FAA.

Researchers placed laptops in bags with things like clothes and shoes. The computers' lithium ion cells were placed next to heaters and forced into "thermal runaway" to start fires.

In four of the 10 tests, the fire was contained and eventually self-extinguished.

But researchers also conducted the test with aerosols next to the laptops and found that combination runs a serious risk of creating explosions that can't be contained and could lead to the loss of an aircraft.

Aviation authorities say not many people carry large lithium ion-powered electronics in checked baggage anyway.

Still, the FAA says the most effective way to prevent an explosion is to consider requiring laptops and other large electronics be carried on board with passengers.

Spain Set To Remove Catalan Officials From Power, Call New Elections

Sat, 10/21/2017 - 17:14

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Spain says it will take steps to remove Catalonia's leaders and call new elections after the region voted for independence — a move Madrid called illegal. 

Spain's government plans to invoke Article 155, part of the country's constitution that allows the central government to institute direct rule over Spain's semi-autonomous regions.

SEE MORE: Europe's Youngest Leader May Turn To The Far-Right For Help

Catalonia voted for independence earlier this month. Less than half of the region's eligible voters participated, but around 90 percent of the roughly 2.26 million people who did vote supported independence from Spain. The referendum made international news when Spanish police and security forces injured hundreds of voters when they stormed polling places and took ballot boxes. 

While Spain's Prime Minister, Mariano Rajoy, called for new leaders in Catalonia, he didn't go so far as to dissolve the region's Parliament.

Spain's parliament will vote on invoking Article 155 in the next few days. Catalonia's president said if that happens, he'll call for a formal independence vote in the region's parliament.

Trump Signs Order To Beef Up Air Force With Retired Pilots

Sat, 10/21/2017 - 01:50

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President Trump signed an executive order Friday — and contrary to what your Twitter timeline might have told you, it's probably not a precursor to a declaration of war.

The order effectively lets the secretaries of Defense, Army, Navy and Air Force bring an unlimited number of retired troops back to active duty during wartime or a national emergency.

But any new forces the Pentagon conscripts with that authority probably won't end up fighting in a new war — the current wars we're fighting are already short on manpower.

SEE MORE: After Seeing France's Military Parade, Trump Wants An Even Bigger One

Right now, the Air Force is missing about 1,500 of the combat pilots it needs; it's hoping to staff an extra 1,000 pilots from this order.

The fight against ISIS in Iraq and Syria has been a particularly heavy burden on the Air Force — it carried out about 86 missions and dropped about 695 munitions on average every month from March to August of this year.

The order could theoretically be used by other branches as well — and it's worth noting the Army is hoping to recruit somewhere around 80,000 new soldiers this fiscal year.

People May Have Believed In Vampires Due To Misunderstanding Medicine

Sat, 10/21/2017 - 00:23

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Countries around the world have their own myths about vampires, but scientists say one thing many of the stories have in common is that they may have been based on real diseases. 

For instance, many Europeans started believing in vampires while one of the largest recorded rabies epidemics raged across Europe. Researchers say that at the time, people thought supernatural creatures and dogs were mortal enemies. They thought vampires would turn into dogs so they could kill the real dogs guarding a village and then hunt the humans inside.

And as more dogs and humans got bit by rabid animals, people noticed that both species showed similar symptoms. So people assumed the sickness came from vampire dogs.

Some diseases can cause the physical changes that we associate with classic vampires. Researchers point to pellagra and porphyria, diseases that can cause people to develop rashes and burn when exposed to sunlight or oral inflammation that can make teeth appear sharper.

SEE MORE: How Do Isaac Asimov's Laws Of Robotics Hold Up 75 Years Later?

When it comes to why people thought vampires drank blood, some researchers have linked it to tuberculosis outbreaks in 18th century New England. It accounted for a quarter of all deaths. If someone in your family contracted the disease, chances were they'd spread it to their family before they died.

As families started dying, remaining members would exhume the corpse of the original contractor to see if there was "fresh" blood in their heart. If there was, families believed the corpse was staying "alive" by draining the blood from other relatives. In reality, tuberculosis causes the chest to fill with blood that stays there after someone dies.

To keep vampires from "coming back," some villages shoved stones in corpses' mouths, while others simply decapitated them. In New England, they frequently burned vampire hearts and inhaled the smoke, thinking it could cure them of vampirism. 

Trump's Travel Ban Blocks Award-Winning Yemeni Journalist

Fri, 10/20/2017 - 23:31

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A Yemeni journalist who won an award for her coverage of the war-torn country is now fighting against the U.S. travel ban to attend the awards ceremony in New York.

Afrah Nasser's reporting on Yemen and its treatment of journalists has been featured on multiple international news outlets.

Her work earned her the Committee to Protect Journalists' International Press Freedom Award, but the U.S. Embassy in Sweden rejected her visa application two times. Nasser became a dual citizen of Sweden and Yemen after seeking political refugee status in the European country.

All three of President Trump's travel bans have placed restrictions on individuals traveling from certain Muslim-majority countries like Yemen. 

The travel restrictions have stood in the way of an awards ceremony before: Earlier this year, the ban affected Iranian filmmaker Asghar Farhadi. 

His film "The Salesman" won an Oscar, but he was not in attendance. A judge halted the ban before the ceremony, but Farhadi did not attend out of protest.

This week's 2017 Courage in Journalism Awards was missing an award winner after the U.S. denied a visa to another Yemeni reporter. 

The travel restrictions also impact scientists, engineers and scholars traveling to the U.S. — an effect many in those fields fear will decrease the country's progress. 

SEE MORE: Trump's Travel Ban Replaced With 'Tailored Travel Restrictions'

The Trump administration says the ban is a vital national security measure. It's currently facing a court challenge as unfairly discriminatory.

Trump's Tweet On UK Crime And 'Radical Islamic Terror' Is Misleading

Fri, 10/20/2017 - 23:17

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President Trump has a history of highlighting U.K. terrorism and crime on Twitter, but the tweets don't always show the whole picture

On Friday, Trump tweeted out a quote that said "United Kingdom crime rises 13% annually amid spread of Radical Islamic terror." He seemed to associate that quote with a recently published crime report from the U.K.'s Office for National Statistics, but the statement may have actually been reported by the One America News Network — a pro-Trump network.

By itself, the statement is misleading.

For starters, though there was a 13 percent increase in police recorded crime, that statistic only covers England and Wales — not the entire United Kingdom. 

The report also never specifically calls out "radical Islamic terror." A spokesman from the Office for National Statistics told The Washington Post the report "made no link between terrorism and violent crime."

The report does, however, note the impact of recent terrorist attacks in London and Manchester. Because of the multiple victims, the incidents did significantly increase the number of recorded homicides and attempted murder offenses between July 2016 and June 2017.

SEE MORE: Trump Tweets Support For Puerto Rico, But One Message Stays The Same

Trump's tweet was quickly condemned by U.K. politiciansSome argued the statement could incite hate crimes, which have increased in recent years

Body Cams Might Not Be Effective At Lowering Use Of Force By Police

Fri, 10/20/2017 - 22:51

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Police use of body cameras might not have any effect on police behavior or citizen complaints, according to a new study.

The study, conducted in Washington, D.C., found there was no significant difference between the number of citizen complaints or the amount of force used by police wearing body cams and those who weren't.

That seems to contradict public perception of body cams, but it also contradicts other studies that found them to be a useful tool in lowering use of force by police.

But this study is a lot larger than previous studies. Where some older studies used tens of subjects, this newer study analyzed data from over 2,000 officers.

SEE MORE: 16 Shots And A Video: Uncovering The Laquan McDonald Shooting

Still, it might be hard to generalize the data from D.C. out to other police departments. In 2001, the D.C. Metropolitan Police Department and the U.S. Justice Department agreed to a number of departmental reforms.

Since then, excessive use of force and shootings by police have remained relatively low. That might help explain why there was such little difference between police who wore body cams and those who didn't.

For now, this study leaves police and experts with a number of questions about the effectiveness of body cams, and whether they're worth the investment. The answer will likely vary from department to department.

Texas Town Asks Hurricane Victims To Sign Pro-Israel Pledge For Relief

Fri, 10/20/2017 - 21:30

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Plenty of Texas residents still need relief after Hurricane Harvey. But for at least one Texas town, government support comes with a price — a pledge not to boycott Israel.

The city of Dickinson, Texas, started accepting applications for hurricane relief grants last week. But the application form included a clause that required candidates not to boycott Israel while receiving aid.

The city's lawyer says it's just complying with a statewide law signed earlier this year, which forbids state agencies from forming contracts with any companies that boycott Israel.

But the American Civil Liberties Union blasts the clause as a "McCarthy-era" violation of the First Amendment right to free speech. A 1982 Supreme Court case found political boycotts were protected under the First Amendment.

The movement to boycott companies that do business with Israel has sparked legislative backlash elsewhere in the country. The ACLU filed similar challenges this year to a Kansas state law and a proposed bill in the U.S. House and Senate.